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莫納什大學 Monash University:對工作與生活平衡辯論的批判性反思

時間:2013-06-14 08:48來源:www.rzktiu.live 作者:selina 點擊:
這是一篇大學本科課程作業,主要講述了工作與生活平衡辯論的批判性反思的摘要,包含目的、研究限制\影響、現實意義等,并對此進行了簡單的介紹等相關內容。

Introduction: What work?
What life? What balance?
Critical reflections on the work-life balance debate
介紹:什么樣的工作?
什么樣的生活呢?什么樣的平衡?
工作與生活的平衡辯論的批判性反思


Abstract
摘要


Purpose – The purpose of this article is to initiate critical reflection on the assumptions and evidence underpinning the work-life balance debate.
目的 - 這篇文章的目的是發起批判性反思的假設和證據的基礎工作與生活的平衡辯論。

Design/methodology/approach– The article reviews a range of international literature focused on
and related to the work-life balance debate and issues.
設計/方法論/途徑-文章回顧了一系列國際文獻主要集中在有關工作與生活平衡的辯論和問題。

Findings– In the work-life balance debate, over-work is perceived as the problem. Nevertheless,
beyond working time and the provision of flexible working practices to enable child care, there is little in the debate abut the need to change work per se. The debate also narrowly perceives “life”, equating it with women’s care work, hence the emphasis again of family-friendly polices.
發現,在工作與生活的平衡辯論,過度工作視為問題。然而,超出工作時間和提供靈活的工作方式,使兒童保健,很少有在辯論中緊靠需要改變工作本身。辯論還差一點感知“生命”,它等同與婦女保健工作,因此再次強調家庭友好的政策。

Research limitations/implications – The article suggests that reconceptualisation is required in
analyses of both work-life balance and the relationship between work and life.
研究限制/影響 - 文章表明重復概念化是必需的工作與生活的平衡工作和生活之間的關系的分析。

Practical implications– The article implies that current work-life balance policies are myopic in
terms of addressing the needs and aspirations of employees.
現實意義-文章暗示,當前工作與生活平衡的政策是短視的解決員工的需求和愿望。

Originality/value – The article offers a synthesis of evidence that is wider than that typical in
current analyses of work and life.
獨創性/價值 - 本文提供了一個綜合的寬度比典型的證據就是目前的分析工作和生活。

Keywords Consumption, Family-friendly organizations, Job satisfaction, Hours of work, Lifestyles
關鍵詞:消費,家庭友好組織,工作滿意度,工作時間,生活方式


Paper type Literature review
紙張類型文獻綜述


Introduction
介紹


The articulation of work and life, cast as work-life balance, has become a key feature of much current government, practitioner and academic debate. The main message of this debate is the need for “good work-life balance”. However, the debate and subsequent policy are too often based on assumptions about work and life derived from blunt readings of empirical data or misconceptions about employee attitudes to work and life. What is required therefore is analysis that explores the back-story to work-life balance debate as well as the operation of work-life balance policies. Compiling critical reflections on many aspects of the work-life balance debate, this special issue of Employe e Rela tions hopes to initiate such analysis.
當今的工作和生活,扮演工作與生活的平衡,已成為一個關鍵特性當前的很多政府、從業者和學術爭論。這場辯論的主要內容是需要“好工作與生活的平衡”。然而,辯論和隨后的政策往往基于假設關于工作和生活源自鈍讀數經驗數據或誤解關于員工工作和生活態度。什么是必需的,因此分析探討了有關對工作生活平衡的辯論以及操作的工作與生活的平衡政策。編制關鍵反思平衡工作與生活的許多方面辯論,這個特殊問題的員工關系希望發起這樣的分析。
http://www.rzktiu.live/azdxassignment/

All of the articles in this special issue are drawn from a stream on the work-life boundary at the 24th Annual International Labour Process Conference hosted by the University of London in 2006. This stream resulted from our dissatisfaction with much current debate about work-life balance. Our individual and collective research over the years has revealed that only some workers experience work and life as separate and balanceable. For other workers, work and life are intertwined, even amalgamated, so that they cannot or do not want to distinguish and disentangle work and life (see for example Eikhof and Haunschild, 2006; Warhurst, 1996; Warhurst et al. , 2008; but we are not alone in this observation, see for example Nippert-Eng, 1996; Salaman, 1974; Sennett, 2004; Westwood, 1984). The work-life balance debate seems to centre on a number of questionable assumptions and perceptions: that work is experienced as negative, with long working hours a particular problem; that “life” can be equated with caring responsibilities, most particularly childcare, with the result that women are the primary target of work-life balance provisions; and that work and life are separable and in need of being separated. Such assumptions need to be interrogated and it is the aim of this introduction to begin that critical reflection. The contributions to the special issue then unpack in more detail the issues of working time (Roberts), the control of working hours (Wise et al.), the influence of employee representation (Hyman and
Summers) and the state (Burgess et al.) on, and occupation (Moore) and industry (Bergman and Gardiner) differences within, work-life balance practice and policy.
在所有的文章中,這個特殊的問題都來自2006年由英國倫敦大學主辦第24屆國際勞工流程大會上的在一股潮流工作與生活的邊界。這股潮流導致我們不滿關于工作與生活平衡的當前辯論。多年來我們個人和集體研究顯示,只有部分工人的經驗作為單獨的和平衡的工作和生活。其他工人的工作和生活交織在一起,甚至合并,使他們能不能或做不希望來區分和理清工作和生活(見例如Eikhof和Haunschild,2006; Warhurst的,1996年; Warhurst的等人。,2008;但我們并不孤單,在這個觀察,例如Nippert工程,1996;薩拉曼,1974年,2004年森尼特維斯特伍德,1984年)。中心的工作與生活平衡的辯論似乎對一些可疑的假設和認識:工作經歷為陰性,工作時間長一個特定的問題,“生命”可以等同于照顧的責任,最特別是托兒,導致婦女工作與生活的平衡規定的主要目標,工作和生活都需要被分離可分離。這種假設需要進行審問,這是本介紹的目的開始,批判性反思。貢獻更詳細的特殊問題,然后解壓問題的工作時間(羅伯茨),控制工作時間(Wise等),影響了雇員代表(海曼
薩默斯)和狀態(Burgess等。),職業(摩爾)和行業(伯格曼和Gardiner)內部的分歧,平衡工作與生活的實踐和政策。



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